Most Maryland residents will likely associate workplace injuries with accidents such as falls and explosions, but they can sometimes be caused by contact with animals. The most common form of animal-related injuries suffered by workers are insect or snake bites, but those who work in close contact with larger creatures such as cattle or horses may sometimes suffer broken bones or concussions.
Most Maryland residents have no doubt heard about the Amtrak crash in Philadelphia that occurred on May 12. The derailment resulted in eight people being killed and more than 200 people suffering injuries. Lawsuits are now starting to be filed by some victims, including one on May 19 by an Amtrak conductor who received severe injuries and who remains in critical condition.
Maryland residents likely know that when physicians do not provide appropriate care, the patient might suffer consequences. There are reasons this happens, including giving a patient the wrong medication, not providing the proper treatment or not telling the patient risks associated with medication or procedures. More than one-half of malpractice cases involve misdiagnosis, and the most common conditions are heart conditions and cancer. Up to 48 percent of such cases end in death.
Highway officials in Maryland have warned motorists to be vigilant as they travel in work zones. With the large amount of construction and maintenance crews on the roadways, drivers should be on the lookout for orange cones and barrels. While these signs serve to protect employees, their purpose is also to keep drivers and passengers safe.
According to the NHTSA, roughly 600 people are killed each year and 900 are injured due to collapsing car roofs after a rollover. However, regulations regarding the stability of car roofs had not been updated since they originally went into effect in 1973. Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard 216 required a vehicle's roof to be able to withstand a force equal to 1.5 times it weight up to 5,000 pounds without moving more than five inches.
Although accidents can and do happen at work, there are steps that both employers and workers can take to limit their frequency. For instance, while working on a forklift, it is important to look for obstructions and to be aware of uneven surfaces. If an obstruction is located, a forklift operator should get off of the machine and remove whatever is in its path.
A European study looked at inducing labor for babies that pre-birth had been determined to be large. The study, which may interest Maryland readers, looked at the possibility of inducing labor in order to reduce the occurrences of shoulder dystocia. This birthing complication happens when the head of the baby has progressed down the birth canal but one or both of the shoulders get stuck behind the mother's pelvic bone. Shoulder dystocia is a complication in 1 percent of normal-weight births but has a 10 percent occurrence in larger babies.
On a construction site, Maryland workers may need to be aware that there are two types of accidents that may occur. A struck incident occurs when the impact of an object causes injury to a worker, but a caught incident occurs when a worker becomes stuck or crushed between objects and suffers injury.