Studies of 2011 and 2012 workplace accidents indicate that self-employed construction workers in Maryland and around the country are more likely to be killed in an on-the-job accident than those who work for a construction company. The studies also reveal that older construction workers are far more likely to be involved in a fatal accident than their younger colleagues.
Death during childbirth is unusually common in the United States compared to the rate in other developed nations, making it a serious concern for expectant Maryland mothers. Once common, the problem declined greatly in the 20th century thanks to advances in modern medicine. In the last 25 years, however, the number has been rising in the United States.
A new confined space standard produced by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and specifically targeting the construction industry will go into effect in August 2015, supplementing the original standard introduced in 1993 that applies to industries in general. A confined space is defined as any area that is big enough for a person to enter but is not meant for long-term occupation and has limited means of exit. Spaces that could be considered potentially hazardous or contain a material that could engulf a worker require a special permit.
Patients who are sick expect their doctors to make an accurate diagnosis and provide appropriate treatment without multiple office visits and repetitive tests. However, physicians in Maryland and across the country are not always able to make a quick diagnosis, and if they do, the diagnosis is sometimes incorrect.
It is well known that iron workers in particular, and construction workers in general, have very hazardous jobs. Each year, falls consistently rank among the top sources for injuries and fatalities on construction sites in Maryland and around the country. Meanwhile, fall protection violations are the top source of citations issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration each year. However, employers can greatly reduce these risks by carefully following the agency's fall protection guidelines.
Lyme disease cases have shown up in Maryland and everywhere else in the United States. A recent survey found a significant rate of misdiagnosis of patients with Lyme disease because physicians believe that it can only be contracted in certain geographical areas. Also contributing to the high rate of misdiagnosis are lab tests, which were shown to produce a false negative result in half the cases surveyed.
While individuals under the age of 21 make up approximately 10 percent of all licensed drivers in Maryland and across the United States, they cause a disproportionate number of fatal crashes. These accidents, which often involve drunk driving and distracted driving, are due in large part to teen-specific behaviors. For example, experts believe many young drivers have an invincibility complex that leads them to engage in dangerous activities.
Health care workers in Maryland may be interested to learn that the Occupational Safety and Health Administration is currently in the process of scrutinizing their industry. The move comes due to the fact that health care workers are injured at much higher rates than workers in any other industry while they are on the job.
According to a study done in collaboration with the University of Illinois School of Public Health, recycling workers face unnecessarily safety risks at work. From 2011 to 2013, 17 recycling workers died around the country, and on average, they are twice as likely as other workers to suffer an injury on the job. The study found that workers in this field contend with safety issues related to the use of heavy machinery. They are also likely to interact with toxic chemicals and hypodermic needles.